15 Dec Paraty Bay, Brazil
Paraty is a coastal municipality located in Southeastern Brazil. The rural population is distributed among several communities, including those of Caiçara people along the coastline. Caiçara people are of mixed origin (Portuguese colonists, Amerindians and African descendants), undertaking subsistence activities directly related to the exploitation of natural resources, such as fishing, small-scale agriculture, and tourism. The Caiçara communities include Tarituba, Praia do Sono, and Trindade, each of these communities face different challenges and are working towards different solutions. In Tarituba, the main fishing spots are inside a no-take protected area. Tarituba is working to initiate a participatory monitoring of the fisheries, if implemented, this may strengthen agreements and interactions between fishers and the protected area manager and improve decision-making. Praia do Sono is located inside the Juatinga Ecological Reserve. However, “Ecological Reserve” is not a category currently recognized within Brazil’s National System of Protected Areas and is currently under a reclassification process. This reclassification will affect Praia do Sono, as it will either fall under a more restrictive management system or lead to an arrangement that allows for sustainable resource use. The Praia do Sono community is using local ecological knowledge to improve terrestrial resource management and contribute to protected area reclassification. In Trindade, conflicts between fishers and protected area managers are escalating due to the lack of the establishment of formal and continuous arenas to promote negotiation regarding resource conservation and resource use inside protected areas. With advice from researchers, fishers in Trindade are debating developing a monitoring protocol for fisheries and tourism.