Protected Areas


OA indicates Open Access content which is available for free.


Ban, NC., Davies, T.E., Aguilera, S.E., Brooks C., Cox, M., Epstein, G.,  Evans, L.S., Maxwell, S.M., and Nenadovic, M. 2017. Social and ecological effectiveness of large marine protected areas. Global Environmental Change 43:82-91

Lancaster, D.,  Volpe J.P.,  Haggarty D.,  Dearden P., and Ban, N.C. 2017. Effectiveness of shore-based remote camera monitoring for quantifying recreational fisher compliance in marine conservation areas. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. OA

Samakov, A. and Berkes, F. 2017. Spiritual commons: sacred sites as core of community-conserved areas in Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of the Commons. 11(1). DOI: OA


Acquah, E., Rollins, R., Dearden P., and Murray, G. 2016. Concerns and benefits of park adjacent communities in Northern Ghana: the case of Mole National Park. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology.

Augustine, S., Dearden, P., and Rollins, R. 2016. Are changing diver characteristics important for coral reef conservation? Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 26:660-673.

Bockstael E., Bahia N., Seixas C., and Berkes F. 2016. Participation in protected area management planning in coastal Brazil. Environmental Science and Policy, 60: 1–10.

Berdej, S., and Armitage, D. 2016. Bridging for better conservation fit in Indonesia’s coastal-marine systems. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3:101. OA

Charles, A., Westlund, L., Bartley, D. M., Fletcher, W. J., Garcia, S., Govan, H., and Sanders, J. 2016. Fishing livelihoods as key to marine protected areas: insights from the World Parks Congress. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 26(2): 165-184.

Dearden, P., Rollins R. and Needham M. 2016. Parks and Protected Areas in Canada: Planning and Management. Fourth Edition. Toronto. Oxford University Press. 486pp.

Downie, B.K. 2016. Towards the resolution of a conservation and community conflict: A Tanzania case study. Policy Matters, 20, 6680. OA

Downie, B.K., Dearden P. and King, L. 2016. Exploring paradoxes in the search for sustainable livelihoods: a case study from Tanzania. Environment, Development and Sustainability, doi:10.1007/s10668-016-9896-2

Spalding, M., Meliane, I., Bennett, N., Dearden, P., Patil P., and Brumbaugh R. 2016. Building towards the marine conservation end-game: consolidating the role of MPAs in a future ocean. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 26: 185-199. OA


Berdej S., Andrachuk, M., and Armitage, D. 2015. Conservation narratives and their implications in the Coral Triangle Initiative. Conservation and Society, 13(2): 212-220. OA

De Freitas, R.R. and Seixas, C.S. 2015. Desafios e oportunidades para robustez institucional da pesca artesanal costeira em uma Área Marinha Protegida do Sudeste Brasileiro. (Challenges and opportunities for institutional strength at the coastal artisanal fisheries in a marine protected area on Southeast Brazil) In: VII Seminário Brasileiro sobre Áreas Protegidas e Inclusão Social (SAPIS) e II Encontro Latino Americano sobre Áreas Protegidas e Inclusão Social (ELAPIS), 2015, Florianópolis. Culturas e Biodiversidade: o presente que temos e o futuro que queremos, 2015. p. 527-536.

Freitas, R.R. Gerhardinger, L.C. Chamy, P., and Seixas, C.S. 2015. Governança dos oceanos na Rio+20: o debate sobre áreas marinhas protegidas na perspectiva da gestão compartilhada. (Oceans Governance at Rio+20: the debate on marine protected areas based on the co-management approach) In: De Castro, F. Futemma, C. Governança Ambiental no Brasil: Entre o Socioambientalismo e a Economia Verde. PACO Editora. p. 137-168

Gerhardinger, L. C., de Castro, F., and Seixas C.S. 2015. Scaling-up Small-Scale Fisheries Governability Through Marine Protected Areas in Southern Brazil. S. Jentoft, R. Chuenpagdee (eds.), Interactive Governance for Small-Scale Fisheries, MARE Publication Series 13 pp 339-357.

Lancaster, D., Dearden P., and Ban, N. 2015. Drivers of recreational fisher compliance in temperate marine conservation areas: A study of Rockfish Conservation Areas in British Columbia, Canada. Global Ecology and Conservation, 4:645-657. OA


Alexander, S. and D. Armitage. 2014. A social relational network perspective for marine protected areas science. Conservation Letters 8: 1–13.

Augustine, S. and P. Dearden. 2014. Changing paradigms in marine and coastal conservation: A case study of clam gardens in the Southern Gulf Islands. The Canadian Geographer 58(3): 305–314.

Bennett, N.J. and Dearden, P. 2014. From Measuring Outcomes to Providing Inputs: Governance, Management, and Local Development for More Effective Marine Protected Areas. Marine Policy 50:96-110.

Bennett, N. J., Kadfak, A. and Dearden, P. 2014. Drawing the Future Together: Adapting to Change and Creating the Community and Environment That We Envision in Ban Tapae Yoi. Victoria, BC: Marine Protected Areas Research Group, University of Victoria. 22 p.


Bahia, N.C.F. ; Seixas, C.S. ; Araujo, L.G. ; Farinaci, J. S. ; Chamy P. 2013. Implementation of a National Park over traditional lands of the Trindade community in Paraty, Brazil. In: Protected Areas and Place Making Conference, Foz do Iguaçú, PR. Protected Areas and Place Making Conference – Proceedings

Bennett, N. and P. Dearden. 2013. Why local people do not support conservation: Community perceptions of marine protected area livelihood impacts, governance and management in Thailand. Marine Policy 44: 107-116.

Freitas, R. R., and Seixas, C.S. 2013. Sustainable territorial development in a marine reserve in coastal Brazil: is it feasible? In: Protected Areas and Place Making: How do we provide conservation, landscape management, tourism, human health and regional development? 2013, Protected Areas and Place Making Conference. Foz do Iguaçú, p. 53-58.


Ayers, C.A., Dearden, P., and Rollins, R. 2012. An exploration of Hul’qumi’num Coast Salish peoples’ attitudes towards the establishment of no-take zones within marine protected areas in the Salish Sea, Canada. The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien 56(2): 260-274.

Bennett, N., and Dearden, P. 2012. A History of Change: An Exploration of Social and Ecological Change in Ban Tha Khao through the Photographs of Locals (in Thai and English – Translated by Alin Kadfak). Report prepared for Project IMPAACT, Marine Protected Areas Research Group, University of Victoria. 82p.

Bennett, N., and Dearden, P. 2012. A Picture of Koh Phrathong: An Exploration of Change in the Environment and in Communities on the Andaman Coast of Thailand (in Thai & English, Translated: A. Kadfak). Report prepared for Project IMPAACT, Marine Protected Areas Research Group, University of Victoria. 82p.

Heck, N. and Dearden, P. 2012. Local expectations for future marine protected area performance: A case study of the proposed national marine conservation area in the southern Strait of Georgia, Canada. Coastal Management 40: 577-593.

Heck, N., Dearden, P., and McDonald, A. 2012. Stakeholder evaluation priorities for demonstrating marine protected area effectiveness at the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada. Coastal Management 40:55-72.


Heck, N., Dearden, P., McDonald, A. and Carver, S. 2011. Stakeholder opinions on the assessment of MPA effectiveness and their interests to participate at Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada. Environmental Management 47(4): 603-616.

Heck, N., Dearden, P., McDonald, A., and Carver, S. 2011. Developing MPA performance indicators with local stakeholders input in the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada. Biodiversity and Conservation 20:895-911.

Sowman M., Hauck M., Van Sittert, L. and J. Sunde. 2011. Marine protected area management in South Africa: New policies – old paradigms. Environmental Management 47(4):573-83.